Burns And Trauma
Cleft Lip And Palate
Father Of Plastic Surgery
Lower Limb Surgery
Plastic Surgery In India
Plastic surgery is a medical specialty concerned with the correction or restoration of form and function. While famous for aesthetic surgery, plastic surgery also includes two main fields:
cosmetic and reconstructive surgery."plastic" derives from the Greek plastikos meaning to mold or to shape; its use here is not connected with the synthetic polymer material known as plastic.
Reconstructive plastic surgery is usually performed to improve function, but it may be done to approximate a normal appearance. It is generally covered by insurance coverage but this may change according to the procedure required. The most common reconstructive procedures are tumor removal, laceration repair, scar repair, hand surgery and breast reduction.
Plastic surgery sub-specialities - Plastic surgery is a broad field, and may be subdivided further. as well:
- Aesthetic plastic surgery.
- Reconstructive surgery.
- Craniofacial surgery.
- Reconstructive microsurgery.
- Pediatric plastic surgery.
- Laser surgery.
- Hand surgery.
Q.Why Plastic? Is there any role of Plastic material?
The word 'Plastic' is derived from the Greek word 'Plastikos' meaning to mold or shape and according the Plastic Surgery is the science of reconstructing the disfigured or diseased or injured body parts. The procedure of reconstruction mainly remolds various tissues and skin and hence, is termed as Plastic Surgery.
Q.Who requires Plastic Surgery?
People worldwide are now opting for cosmetic surgery for enhancing their body parts. Over the years the science of Plastic Surgery has evolved as an important measure for dealing with various defects there are various types of Cosmetic surgery to treat such defects:
Birth or Congenital Defects : Plastic surgery is serves as an effective measure for people dealing with birth or congenital defects. The surgical procedure in such cases aims at treating various birth or congenital defects such as:
Abnormal shape of the head or skull, clefts of the lips, defects or abnormal shape of the eyes, nose, ears, jawbones etc.
Defects of the genitals such as abnormal shape of the penis with abnormal urinary opening, absence of vagina and inter sex etc.
Defects of the limbs, fused fingers, extra fingers, large sized fingers and toes also can be treated with the help of plastic surgery.
Large black hairy nevus or moles, haemangiomas and vascular lesions all can be treated with this surgical procedure.
Accidents and Injuries : plastic surgery comes to front to treat various accidents and injuries as well. The accidental defects that are treated with the help of plastic surgery include: Injuries involving face, eyelids, nose, ears etc. All the cases of fractures of mouth, cheek, nose and jaw bones are treated.
All kinds of injuries dealing with extensive skin loss or degloving.
Hand and fingers especially industrial crush injuries and cut tendons or nerves.
Total or partial amputations of the limbs, hands or fingers also find their solutions under cosmetic surgery.
Burn Injuries: the procedure of cosmetic surgery is also a perfect remedy for patients suffering from acute burns due to flames, chemicals and acids, hot fluids or electric flash. The surgery also is helpful at treating post burn contractures, thick hypertrophic scars which also causes deformities of several body parts.
Post Surgery Defects : post any surgical procedure such as extensive removal of various parts or areas causes malignant or cancerous growths such as breasts, jaws, lips, mandible etc. In such cases also plastic surgery is an apt solution as it also helps at removing various post surgical scars from the skin.
Skin Defects : various skin diseases are also treated with cosmetic surgery such as: vitiligo or leucoderma patches, split ear lobules also tattoo marks.